The eye is one of the most delicate parts of the human body. It also provides vision hence it should be well taken care of. Primary eye care can be provided medically though one is advised to personally take care of his or her eyes. Optometry is the field of health that deals with management of the eye encompassing areas such as diagnosing of diseases and providing cure.
Optometrists usually handle different functions related to eye care. One of the services is primary care provision. Diagnosis is the second of such services provided by optometrists. To do this, they usually have special skills for both curative and preventive care provision. Optometrists also provide important information on how to take care of eyes, this being the third service they provide. In this way they can also be called public health providers.
The first role of optometrists in the past was to identify and correct refractive errors related to the eye. This they did by prescribing spectacles. In the modern world, the field has expanded to cover other areas of defect to the eye such as parallax, infection of the iris among others. The United States is home to many optometrists. States like Idaho have optometrists who provide primary eye care.
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There several services provided by optometrists in Idaho. First of all, cities such as Boise in Idaho have optometrists who provide examination services for residents of the state. Examination is aimed at detecting any diseases hence being able to prescribe corrective measures. Examination can help identify possibility of there being a disease such as glaucoma. Optometrists in Idaho usually can detect such diseases though they may not be able to offer treatment for all of them. Such situations call for referrals to other professionals.
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Provision of contact lenses also falls in the range of services offered by optometrists. Different lenses can be prescribed depending on the default in question. They can actually fit such lenses after prescribing them based on what default was found during diagnosis. Surgical operations can also be carried out by optometrists subject to further training.
Regulation of optometry is provided by state boards of respective states in the United States of America. One is issued with a practicing license after complying with all qualifications that have been stated in the board’s rules and regulations especially academic qualifications. One can then practice within the United States of America though strictly within the services provided for within the licensing certificate. Primary eye care providers in the United States are allowed to offer eye services including eye care using oral medication as well as offering of topical drugs. The scope can however be widened based on further training.